underground mining surveying principle instruments

UNDERGROUND SURVEYING AND THE DEVELOPMENT …

underground mine surveying, acknowledged the superiority of Pennsylvania underground surveying practice, noting "Few mine-surveyors in Great Britain appear to be acquainted with the methods and instruments used abroad. This is the more to be regretted, as no mine-surveys made in this country approach in accuracy those of the collieries of ...

Surveying in the Mining Sector | GIM International

2018-1-12 · Surveying in the mining industry, both in open-pit and underground mines, often goes hand in hand with terrestrial laser scanning (TLS), which is deployed to verify the spatial changes of mining works. Thanks to its high point density and high accuracy, TLS is a very suitable surveying technique for monitoring movements and deformations.

Underground Surveying Methods and Applications

What is Underground Surveying? Underground surveying embraces the survey operations performed beneath the surface of the earth in connection with tunneling, exploration and construction in subterranean passageways. It is quite different from surveying on the surface. The following peculiarities of underground surveys ...

GUIDELINES FOR THE INTEGRATED PLANNING AND …

2021-1-22 · international "best practices" related to underground coal mine planning and design principles. It is the author''s wish that this guideline document will contribute to the overall objectives of the South African mining industry with regard to safety, health, environmental, productivity and unit cost performance strategies.

Mines survey

2021-9-21 · the existing mine plan must be transferred to the new plan. The date of transformation of the mine plan to MGA94 must be documented in the survey book and precautions taken to ensure that the old plan is archived and not further updated. An existing mine operating to a local grid and height datum must

Underground Mining Methods

2009-12-7 · Underground Mining Methods and Applications Production Headframe Hans Hamrin* 1.1 INTRODUCTION Ore is an economic concept. It is defined as a concentration of ... With respect to the basic principles employed, relatively few mining methods are used today. Because of the uniqueness of each ore deposit, variations on each of these methods are nearly

Mine Surveying Instruments | Article about Mine Surveying ...

Mine Surveying Instruments. instruments used in mine surveying during spatial geometric measurements in underground shafts and quarries, as well as on the surface of the earth. They are divided into several groups according to purpose. Direction-finding instruments include theodolite-tachymeters, mining theodolites and attachments for them ...

Surveying in the Mining Sector

2021-6-21 · Mine Surveying Today Mining surveying can be summarised as ''the digging of mine shafts and galleries and the calculation of volume of rock'', although it entails much more than this in practice. Geometric constraints – e.g. vertical shafts and narrow passages – demand the use of specific survey techniques.

UNDERGROUND MINE VENTILATION SURVEY

2017-4-18 · 4 UNDERGROUND MINE VENTILATION SYSTEM 8-17 4.1 Air flow principles 8 4.2 Air distribution in different coal mining methods 8 4.2.1 Bord and pillar method 8 4.2.2 Longwall method 8 4.3 Types of ventilation systems 9 4.4 Other ventilation system 10 4.5 Equivalent orifice 12 4.6 Mine resistances 12

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

2019-8-9 · mining laws and working rights, mining subsidence and damage, the environmental effects of land and deep underground mines. 6. Land surveyors: Fig 4:Land Surveying Instrument • They measure land and its physical features accurately and record them in the form of a map or plan for the purpose of planning new building and by local

Modern Survey Instruments and their use in Mine Surveying

One second Theodolite is a precise horizontal angle measuring instrument with a least count of. 1" and is widely used for surface and underground traversing. 95. Advances in Mine Surveying ...

Surveying and Leveling

2020-8-26 · •Mine surveys : To carry out surveying specific for opencast and underground mining purposes SPECIAL SURVEYS As mentioned earlier in this chapter, SPECIAL SURVEYS are conducted for a specific purpose and with a special type of surveying equipment and methods. A brief discussion of some of the special surveys familiar to you follows.

Safer survey of alignment in underground mining

2014-5-14 · Characteristics of underground mining surveys using the tunnelling application • Underground control : Control consists of points previously surveyed, these points are placed at a specific chain age and on grade in the side wall on both sides of the mine by using the stake option of the tunnel application.

MINE SURVEY III (TH-II) Weisbach Method of correlation

2021-2-17 · MINE SURVEY III (TH-II) ... readings on each face of the instrument the mean value is the correct value of the angle, In a smaller manner the value of ... Correlation survey : Correlation in surveying is the method of surveying by which the surface survey are U/G survey are connected to the same base.

training.gov

2021-8-9 · 4 Conduct operational elements of underground mine surveying operations . 4.1 Identified spatial components of mine design are accurately measured or set out. 4.2 Measured spatial data is reduced to project reference system. 4.3 Mine …

MODERN SURVEY INSTRUMENTS AND THEIR USE IN …

MODERN SURVEY INSTRUMENTS AND THEIR USE IN MINE SURVEYING P.P. Bahuguna**, Dheeraj Kumar**, Sunil Kumar*** *Associate Professor, ** Sr. Lecturer, ** Senior Technical Assistant Department of Mining Engineering, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad - 826004 ABSTRACT Although surveying techniques have always played a primary role in collecting data for mapping, recently new Instruments …

What are the duties of the mine surveyor?

The details and location of underground drill holes at the mine that contain potentially hazardous services (electrical power cables, compressed air lines or diesel fuel lines) As far as is practicable longitudinal sections or projections to a scale that accords with good engineering practice and shows all underground mining operations

instrument use in mining survey

instrument use in mining survey [randpic] Mine Surveying Instruments Article about Mine Surveying Photogrammetric instruments include phototheodolites, photogrammeters, and stereo comparators. Instruments for surveying underground cavities are …

1) MINE SURVEYING-II 2) UNDERGROUND METAL …

2017-12-19 · b) State the principle of tacheometric surveying? (3) c)Define the term Photogrammetry? (2) d)Define the terms Longitude and Latitude? (3) e)List the various correlation methods for surface and underground? (2) f)State the purpose of correlation? (3) g)List the application of remote sensing in mining? (2)

Surveyors Down Under

We are a small group of qualified and competent mining surveyors – specialising in underground hard rock survey principles. Founded by Todd Dixon, an experienced & dedicated Mine Surveyor with 6 years working across Australia''s many mining projects. The team is hand picked on individual merits including ability and attitude.

Chapter 13: Underground Surveying | Engineering360

2021-9-18 · Underground surveying is quite different from surveying on the surface. In tunnelling or mining operations it may be hot, wet, dark, cramped, dusty, dirty and dangerous, and usually most of these. The essential problem in underground surveying is that of orientating the underground surveys to the surface surveys, the procedure involved being ...

Syllabus for Mine Surveying Part Test 1

2017-6-26 · Syllabus for Mine Surveying Part Test 1 Linear measurement: Instruments for measuring distance and ranging, units of measurement in surveying. EDM: Principles of measurement; types, correction and selection of instrument. Angular measurement: Prismatic compass; bearing of lines; local attraction; magnetic declination.

Mine surveying: The transition from surface to …

2015-8-26 · Mine surveying: The transition from surface to underground by Colin Bennett, De Beers Consolidated Mines and Michael Livingstone-Blevins, Anglo American Abstract This general technical paper will provide details of oversight and advisory support of a large underground mine project.

Types of Land Surveying Utilized by Mining Operations

2017-9-5 · Mining surveying is of course crucial to mining operations; however, environmental planning surveying is also critical. Mining Survey. Often used to help find underground resources, as the name suggests, mining surveys are used to scope out potential mining locations. Using surveying minimizes the risk that potential mining …

SCU

SYLLABUS FOR THE EXAMINATION FOR SECOND CLASS MANAGER''S CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY(UNDER COAL MINES REGULATIONS, 2017)MINE SURVEYINGLinear measurement: Instruments for measuring distance and ranging, units of measurement in surveying.EDM: Principles of measurements; types; correction and selection of instrument…

Mine Surveying Instruments | Article about Mine Surveying ...

Mine Surveying Instruments | Article about Mine Surveying ...

Underground Surveying

2000-9-29 · In Alabama, where my coal mining experience has been, the seams are fairly level and range in thickness from around 2'' to as much as 15''. If the coal seam or strata is thick enough to stand on, it is usually called high coal; if not, it …

Mine Surveyor

Generally speaking, mine surveyors are responsible for the development and maintenance of the entire surface and underground plans of a mine on an ongoing basis. In an underground mine, day to day activities usually entail providing and maintaining the direction of underground workings using advanced surveying techniques and instruments.